National Cancer Institute
at the National Institutes of Health
- Ovarian Cancer Prevention (PDQ®)
[ patient ] [ health professional ]
Expert-reviewed information summary about factors that may influence the risk of developing ovarian cancer and about research aimed at the prevention of this disease.
- Genetics of Breast and Ovarian Cancer (PDQ®)
[ health professional ]
Expert-reviewed information summary about the genetics of breast and ovarian cancer, including information about specific genes and family cancer syndromes. The summary also contains information about interventions that may influence the risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer in individuals who may be genetically susceptible to these diseases. Psychosocial issues associated with genetic testing are also discussed.
- BRCA1 and BRCA2: Cancer Risk and Genetic Testing
A fact sheet about the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, how BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations (changes) affect a person's risk of cancer, genetic testing for cancer risk, interpreting test results, and the benefits and risks of genetic testing.
- Understanding Gene Testing
Illustrates what genes are, explains how mutations occur and are identified within genes, and discusses the benefits and limitations of gene testing for cancer and other disorders.
- Cancer Genetics Services Directory
Directory of professionals who provide services related to cancer genetic risk assessment, counseling, and testing.
Causes and Risk Factors
- Oral Contraceptives Reduce Long-Term Risk of Ovarian Cancer
Since they were first licensed nearly 50 years ago, birth control pills containing estrogen have prevented some 200,000 cases of ovarian cancer world-wide, estimate the authors of a study published January 26, 2008, in The Lancet.
- Oral Contraceptives and Cancer Risk
A fact sheet about research on the association of oral contraceptive use with risk of various cancers.
- Risk of Ovarian Cancer from Hormone Therapy Confirmed
Women who have taken hormone therapy are at a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer than women who have not, according to a Danish study published in the July 15, 2009 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.
- Menopausal Hormone Therapy and Cancer
A fact sheet about the results of research on menopausal hormone therapy. Includes information about the effect of menopausal hormone therapy on the body. Also outlines the benefits and risks of using menopausal hormones.
- Ovarian Epithelial Tumors Traced to Fallopian Tubes
The source of disease in many cases of the most aggressive form of ovarian cancer, serous carcinoma, may not be the ovary at all, but rather the fimbria of the fallopian tube, according to findings presented at the 2008 American Association for Cancer Research annual meeting.