Changes to This Summary (09/17/2012)
The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.
Updated Cameron et al. as reference 8.
Added Berman et al. as reference 12.
Added text to state that in a second study, patients were identified in a SEER database and at median follow-up of 64 months, radiation therapy did not appear to increase the risk of cardiac mortality or secondary malignancy, nor did routine use of postoperative radiation therapy appear to improve long-term survival (cited Fernandes et al. as reference 20).
Added Igawa et al. as reference 10.
This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Adult Treatment Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.