Changes to This Summary (05/23/2013)
The PDQ cancer information summaries are reviewed regularly and updated as new information becomes available. This section describes the latest changes made to this summary as of the date above.
Added text about the association of intense, intermittent recreational sun exposure with melanoma and BCC, and chronic occupational sun exposure with squamous cell carcinoma. Also added text about available data regarding regular sunscreen use and skin cancer risk reduction (cited Green et al. [J Epidemiol 1999] as reference 5, Pandeya et al. as reference 6, and Green et al. [Lancet 1999] as reference 7).
Added text to state that tanning bed use has also been associated with an increased risk of BCC. Also added text about a study of 376 individuals with BCC and 390 control subjects that found a 69% increased risk of BCC in individuals who had ever used indoor tanning (cited Ferrucci et al. as reference 2).
Added text to state that palmoplantar pits are a major finding in BCC and occur in 70% to 80% of individuals with basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS); when these pits occur together with early-onset BCC and/or keratocystic odontogenic tumors, they are considered diagnostic for BCNS (cited North et al. as reference 109).
Added National Comprehensive Cancer Network as reference 141.
Added Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) as a new subsection.
Added text about a study of Norwegian melanoma cases and controls that showed that CDKN2A mutation carriers had an increased risk of melanoma when they carried either the Arg160Trp or Asp84Glu MC1R variants (cited Helsing et al. as reference 128).
Added Salerni et al. as reference 139.
This summary is written and maintained by the PDQ Cancer Genetics Editorial Board, which is editorially independent of NCI. The summary reflects an independent review of the literature and does not represent a policy statement of NCI or NIH. More information about summary policies and the role of the PDQ Editorial Boards in maintaining the PDQ summaries can be found on the About This PDQ Summary and PDQ NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database pages.